Itineraries - Salento coast

Tips for a week with Uastasi:
Escursione del gallo ( Gallipoli - Lido Conchiglie - Santa Caterina )
Escursione azzurra ( Gallipoli - isola di Sant' Andrea - Torre di Pizzo )
Escursione verde ( Gallipoli - Porto Selvaggio - S. Maria al bagno )
Escursione dei due mari ( Gallipoli - Santa Maria di Leuca )
castro

Since ancient times Castro was well regarded as an important commercial center, as a military center, due to the massive "Rocca".

Stands in the center of an arc of coastline ranging from beautiful and unique Otranto to S. Maria di Leuca. And in these places the blue sea and green vegetation, combine to make possible the most diverse environments: from the characteristic medieval village rich in history, the port near which you can see the excavated caves which serve as warehouses for fishermen, with its famous caves (including the beautiful and colorful Zinzulusa and the Grotta Azzurra) to the rocky peaks, the waters are rich in flora and fauna, a paradise for divers.

Today, Castro is famous for its coast, so that the country is basically divided between the  Castro Antica and Castro Marina Alta. Castro Marina is in a position among the most beautiful of the Adriatic, its port welcomed, especially in summer, several boats from every corner of Europe.

gallipoli The town of Gallipoli is situated on the west coast of Salento, facing the Ionian Sea. A bridge connects the two parts of the city, respectively called Borgo and Centro Storico. The village is the modern part of town and is located further east on a promontory, and the old town is located to the west island of calcareous origin. The old town of Gallipoli is surrounded by ramparts and defensive walls around a mile long, built in order to defend the city from enemy attacks from the sea. Near the coast to the west, we find the rock of the Pigeons, the islet of Field and particularly clear days you can see the profiles of the Sila mountains, while to the southwest appears to clear the island of St. Andrea, when a great lighthouse, built in 1866. The coast of Gallipoli which boasts among the most fascinating 's Italy and consists of low cliffs alternating with wide beaches lined promenade Galilei. In addition to tourism the main economic activity is fishing which is a real seaside town of Gallipoli. Some prints dating from the eighteenth century, illustrate how the port of Gallipoli was crowded with ships from all over Europe. The port allows the 'Port of different types of vessels with tourist merchant. His devotion to the sea and fishing is still visible today. Near the port takes place every day a fish market, also turned to private and tourists, where you can buy over the fish caught, including decorative items such as corals and shells.
leuca

Santa Maria di Leuca is the extreme tip of Puglia, also called "finibus terrae" or the ends of the earth, in fact from the promontory overlooking the sanctuary has a vantage point of an extraordinary spectacle: in front if you have only the sea, infinity , full of boats under the sun. The name was given by ancient Greek sailors coming from the east and saw this place lit by the sun and therefore leukos, white.


leuca Pearl of the extreme edge of 'Italy, lies in a stretch of coast alternate with cliffs, sandy bays and small natural caves, they are usually divided into "caves of the west" and "caves of Levante". Numerous caves are of great historical and naturalistic and seabed is a real paradise for underwater tourism.


In addition to a lavish interior of history and culture, to admire beautiful landscapes, sumptuous and colorful nineteenth century villas that slope down towards the waterfront of considerable importance is also known as the Sanctuary "Finis Terrae" atop the headland, connected to port by 184 steps.


Washed by two seas, the Adriatic and Ionian Leuca is a typical seaside town characterized by fishing and tourism. The port of Santa Maria di Leuca is equipped with time so that today is a modern fishing port and tourist center which allows the port, mooring and protection for marine resources, especially from the sirocco winds sometimes Salento blow and the storms that come in the winter months. It is by the sea shore located in the bay between Punta Ristola and Punta  Meliso.

otranto

Otranto might be called a place suspended between Europe and the Orient. It is the town of Italy to the east. It overlooks the Adriatic Sea and is situated on the banks of the canal that takes its name, the Strait of Otranto, about 82 km wide, that separates Italy from Albania which you can see the mountains on a clear day.
In the dazzling sunlight of the streets, narrow and twisted architecture of the past emerges with stunning detail. There are adjectives that have not been used at least once to describe the beauty of this city. For the crystallinity of the sea, to the attractiveness of its beaches, the strange contrast between the infinite calm blue and green valleys in undulating landscape seductive and charming.
Otranto has had a glorious past which culminated with the famous and gruesome holocaust of martyrs made by the Turks. A witness to the nightmare of the invasions of the Turks have been sightings of the two medieval towers. The historical city has remained intact despite the booming construction industry.
otranto
The historic center is well preserved streets with very friendly and good-looking, made in stone, narrow and winding that wind between the houses. With the help of a map you should take the city to discover fascinating sights, arches and balconies in Baroque style. Very popular in the city are the stone balls used by the bombers during the Turkish siege of 1480, and used now as ornamental gates at the sides of buildings. The city is also rich in monuments such as the Aragonese Castle, the Cathedral of Otranto within which you can admire the famous mosaic floor, the Chapel of the Martyrs, which preserves the bones of the martyrs under the altar, the stone on which the victims were decapitated, and the beautiful crypt, huge, five aisles, with a forest of 42 columns with beautiful capitals.

The modern city has grown but especially along the coastal road and in the hinterland, to the hill of Minerva and the Monte Carlo Magno, beautiful panoramic position that dominates the city below.
The depths of Otranto are low and sandy, but the bottom of the port has considerable depth values it can dock vessels of modest size.

santa cesarea terme

Santa Cesarea Terme is a coastal town of Salento, on the Adriatic side. Well-known spa of extraordinary beauty, its main features are the presence of sulphurous waters, caves and crevices inaccessible.
The reef which is characterized by its coastline continues south to Santa Maria di Leuca seamless continuitàsanta Cesarea Terme, the common denominator of this section, the most interesting landscape of Salento, is given by the presence of prehistoric caves and rocks.
Its economic development and construction is due to the presence of its thermal water. The chlorinated water and sulphurous springs come in four natural caves that communicate with the sea: Gattulla, Fetida, Solfatara, Sulfurea. When the water reaches the cave to the spa eutermalizzazione undergoes a process that leads to 36-37 degrees C required for therapeutic use for the spa treatment per person.
According to popular legend, the name derives from Santa Cesarea virgin Cisaria. The young woman was haunted by her father who wanted to force her to incest, then took refuge in the caves in an attempt to escape, and he was burned alive by the blazing sulfur.
 

 

Santa Caterina

Ancient Roman port, the pretty little Santa Caterina, today is a pleasant and popular seaside resort. Marina di Nardò, is bounded on the north and south from "Torre dell'Alto" beautiful nature park of Portoselvaggio now regional park and conservation area.

This area is interesting from the point of view naturally from archaeological point of view, several studies have shown that the first human presence goes back to the Stone Age. She was also discharged its centrality in the life of the Mediterranean at the time because, in some coastal caves were found in volcanic rocks such as obsidian, and since there are no volcanoes in Salento, you guessed that the stone was brought from other places such as Sicily, so there was a "commercial traffic import".

The "torre dell'Alto" instead is a typical military construction, 20 meters high, near a cliff 51 meters of that drop sheer into the sea from the "la Dannata" a precipice which, according to legend, a girl committed suicide by jumping to avoid the local ruler, the famous "Guercio di Puglia", could exercise at his own expense, the right of first night.

tricase

Tricase Porto is a small fishing village surrounded by greenery and a well-equipped marina. The bay is located at the end of the Salento peninsula 50 km from Lecce. The coast tricasina the shape of a semicircle and is about 8 km long.
Named port of the third class in the fifteenth century by Frederick II of Aragon is now a fully equipped marina and fishing.

Its coast is rocky, jagged, full of dense vegetation typical of Mediterranean scrub, and scattered with villas. Spend the holidays here means leaving far, far away, the daily chaos and immerse themselves in an untouched nature purifying the body and mind.
Particularly interesting to visit the Torre del Sasso is also situated on a large and impressive rock at the height of 116 meters above sea level and Tricase built to defend against attacks by the Saracens and Turks in the sixteenth century.